Updated-Evidence Based-Cost Effective- Infrastructure Continued

January 21, 2017

criminals. These same 'missed' issues have to be addressed later in Wyoming prisons. Emotional literacy programs have also been proven to be the best intervention strategy, effectively changing criminal and violent behavior in children. While those at risk and in need of the lessons benefit the most, the lessons have been found to be beneficial for all children. Savings from redesigning the Wyoming criminal justice system must be invested into E.E.P's throughout the state for primary crime prevention (see 'Schools in depth')
Parents: need to understand how their actions can greatly increase the success and happiness of their children. Preparing children with a foundation of basic emotional and social skills in the early years (prior to school age) can dramatically improve success later in school and in life, (National Center for Clinical Infant Programs report, emotional predictors of school success: Headstart, elements of school readiness.) It should be noted that programs like Parent Effectiveness Training, (P.E.T.) Thomas Gordon, could be utilized by Wyoming to form a foundation for basic parenting information [Wyoming Parenting Online?] There is a companion program, Teacher Effectiveness Training, (T.E.T.) that could possibly be interwoven to get parents and teachers on the same page? For those children who are underachieving at home and in school there should be (effective) information made available to teachers, counseling professionals and parents that address the specific issues of each underachieving child. An online database could be designed using a template. A very good template for underachieving children can be found in the book "Bright Minds Poor Grades, understanding and motivating your underachieving child". Michael Whitley PhD. This book shows parents and teachers how to address the real underlying issues of underachieving students. It includes an easy to follow 10-step program. For those children who have been diagnosed with Attention Deficit Disorder (A.D.D) or Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder (A.D.H.D) it is recommended that Wyoming develop a consensus to find the best approach to these correctable learning/behavioral impairments. (Daniel D. Amen; A.D.D. See and Heal the 7 Types of A.D.D; Healing A.D.D. at Home in 30 days-Brain type Test) Savings from redesigning the Wyoming criminal justice system should be invested into parenting classes that could be made available for parents and guardians. Parenting DVD's, books, or online "packages" could be developed for hospitals-new parents, schools, libraries etc. Wyoming may want to consider developing some type of "rewards", benefits and discounts for parents and guardians who complete a state certified, approved or authorized parenting class. (see 'Parents in depth' for more information)
Communities: There are agencies, institutions and programs throughout Wyoming communities that can be determined to be the best at addressing a specific area of need in the development of children. By studying the research currently available, Wyoming could provide each community with information that could be used to educate any entity who is in a favorable position to deliver the information, thereby effectively overlapping and reinforcing those attributes Wyoming society needs. There are some basic examples below with suggestions to help increase effectiveness. (see 'Communities in depth' for more specific details)
Churches: The Lutheran church has developed their own version of Parent Effectiveness Training. Other churches may want to consider something similar, and in the same vein, a Christian form of Big Brothers-Big Sisters would be beneficial to any Wyoming community. Churches should also consider after school and summer programs that teach emotional maturity lessons. These programs should reach out to 'all' children in the community.
Big Brothers-Big Sisters: Training in Emotional and Social Literacy.
Youth Homes: Parent Effectiveness Training, or similar parenting training, Emotional-Social Literacy, Anger Management and other Cognitive Skills Training. Comprehensive checklists for "types" of learning and behavioral disorders, with clinical follow up.
Choice program: Enhance this program with social and emotional learning certification. Related science 'updates' so program facilitators can evaluate new information and strategies quickly. Establish comprehensive checklists for "types" of learning and behavioral disorders, with clinical follow up.
All adults who may come into contact with the children of Wyoming may want to become familiarized with Emotional and social Literacy, i.e. coaches, aunts, uncles, grandparents etc...
National Center for State Courts: (N.C.S.C) — Roger K. Warren, President Emeritus of the (N.C.S.C) wrote a paper for the Crime and Justice Institute: 'Evidence Based Practice to Reduce Recidivism; Implications for the State Judiciaries', this paper is an excellent example of an analysis of Evidence Based Practice, the authors credentials will more than likely be taken seriously by both the legislature and the judges of Wyoming.
Electronic Monitoring: 'All' non-violent crime should be considered at some point for utilization of Electronic Monitoring. Those people who have a sentence that falls into the Intermediate Sanction category may require monitoring just to keep them on track with the sentencing needs assessment. Judges should research how electronic monitoring and other similar technologies can be utilized effectively for all levels of risk. Electronic monitoring through phone; Combine "apps" to the phone to help each resident\client\parolee etc... to stay on track with daily program and sentencing goals. This includes a real time built in breathalyzer connected to a camera to insure sobriety and unimpaired driving.
Cost: Sentencing\Classification Policies that are based on an up to date risk/needs assessment, can dramatically reduce costs by developing sanctions\custody locations that are based on specific criteria: "How can we best serve and protect Wyoming tax-payers"? Example, it is possible that Wyoming is currently incarcerating 1,500-2,000 people, juveniles and adults, who would qualify for more effective Intermediate Sanctions. That's a savings of $55,000,000 to $75,000,000 a year (each year). Compare average, $40,000 a year incarceration in W.D.O.0 adult and D.F.S. juvenile, to approximately $1500 to $5,000 for the various levels of effective Intermediate Sanctions. If we consider parole of all current, low risk offenders, along with intermediate sanctions, the number could conservatively increase to 2,500 people with a total savings of more than $90,000,000 a year! If proper/necessary in-custody classifications were completed and "followed" Wyoming could save approximately $3,000,000 to $15,000,000 more a year.
Recidivism: is the return to prison; however, it can also be defined as a return to crime.
Risk/Need Assessment 'uses' Explained: The key characteristics of successful recidivism reduction programs begin with risk/needs principles. The 'risk' assessment addresses 'who' to target, i.e. 'moderate to high risk offenders'. The need assessment addresses 'what' to target, i.e. those needs associated with the likelihood of recidivism. Once the risk/needs assessments have been