High Security Special Needs (HSSN) Prison at Rawlins

January 21, 2017

Cost: Housing Wyoming prisoners in an unnecessary high security prison wastes- 2) $10,000 to $40,000per prisoner a year-and in some cases as much as $50,000. If these amounts are multiplied by a conservative average, the State of Wyoming will waste approximately $30 million a year for the next 35 years or about $1 billion dollars!
An 3) *evidence based 4) *classification/ 5)*orientation would show that the majority of Wyoming's in custody prisoners who ("need to be in custody") would be classified as low-medium to minimum security. If this classification is compiled by an expert (preferably from Canada or Germany as their systems have been proven to be most effective) all three branches of the Wyoming government would be able to make the following determinations:
• By following evidence based guidelines overall infrastructure could be set and then adjusted through a
*five year plan- that at the end of the five years Wyoming should have half of its current "in custody"
prison population with the majority housed in low-medium to minimum facilities. (See Summary-
*1.Evidence Based Practices *17.classification/orientation specialist, / *five year plan)
The above scenario becomes possible through refocusing resources to "appropriate and necessary" areas. These areas can be determined by a 6) -validated", evidence based *risk/need assessment (Canada and Germany standard), and then whatever is "required" to meet that assessment is placed in a prisoner's*case plan. In the overall majority of cases, five years would prove to be enough time to address "any" risk/need assessment, after that, it will come down to an aggravating/mitigating value score. These scores could be addressed through individual case plans. (See Summary* 12. risk/need assessment 'uses' explained; *case plan- See Summary *14. prison case managers / *Aggravation/Mitigation-Value Scores)
Once the overall "validated", evidence based classifications are done and the orientation has been completed, the legislature will be able to consider the following options:
*Prepare and parole all low-risk non-violent prisoners who have an approved updated parole plan.
*Prepare and parole all remaining low-risk prisoners who have a previous violent crime but show a "low-risk that isn't going to change". (This means years of continued confinement are unnecessary and that the sentence could be successfully completed on parole.)
Insure that the remaining "in custody" prisoners are *prepared to complete their individual case plans so that they can either be paroled or reduced to the lowest cost-efficient custody level. (Note: make sure that 7) *value scores are in place at the beginning of the process so "all" interested parties can know what is expected in each individual case plan. These value scores contain specific information that must be used to: *prepare "offenders" to become responsible and ultimately "able" to successfully complete programming/case plan requirements.)(*value scores- See Aggravation/Mitigation- Value Scores)
The risk/need assessment should be used to determine what is "required" to "sufficiently" address the identified issues that are raised in the assessment of prisoners. In high risk individuals, 300 hours of identified *Cognitive Skills Training (CST) reduces risk of re-offending by 20%; medium risk takes approximately 200 hours and low risk 100 hours. (More hours were not shown to have an effect on recidivism.) That simple hourly break
down may seem crude or even laughable but it has been validated to be the best approach to this date used to
address this "area" of risk i.e. (CST). The remaining 80% of the recidivism factors can be cost effectively addressed through *education- which reduces recidivism by 50-90%, (depending on the study,) and *family ties, (with a conjugal component) which has been proven to reduce recidivism by 30%. Some Wyoming prisoners have identified a variety of ways to increase percentages of each "verified" area with cost-effective approaches. (*Cognitive Skills Training See- Case Management in Depth- end notes, Corrections Research in Canada; *Education- See Educating Wyoming Prisoners/Postsecondary study; *Family Ties- See Family/Community Ties)